BTiP 2022, nr 3 – Artykuł 19

A tale of two hemispheres: Norwegian and Australian approaches to national resilience. A comparative analysis

Marco Massimo Grandi |
ORCID 0000-0003-0548-1811

„Bezpieczeństwo. Teoria i Praktyka”, 3/2022, s. 257-273
DOI 10.48269/2451-0718-btip-2022-3-019
PDF: English

Abstract: Paper conducts a comparative analysis of two different national approaches to national resilience in an attempt to identify useful considerations and recommendations for Poland: two models chosen were the Norwegian Total Defence Concept (TDC) and Australia’s National Disaster Response and Resilience approach. They were selected due to their different areas of focus: the Norwegian model is centred on societal mobilisation and its military enablement with the primary purpose of national defence against conventional military and hybrid threats, while the Australian approach is still focused on enhancing national resilience in order to respond to major natural calamities.

By examining both models and extrapolating their strengths while noting their vulnerabilities, the basis for a well-rounded national resilience strategy can be identified. While the TDC appears to best suit Poland’s current security challenges, the country would benefit from enhancing its comprehensive local engagement, perhaps through its Territorial Defence Forces. Caution should be exercised with regards to over-committing the Polish military in its support to disaster response at a time when the nation’s eastern flank is once again highly volatile.

Key words: resilience, Australia, natural disasters, Norway, total defence